- PROAIR: Active protection of multi-material assemblies for aircrafts
- European Materials Modelling Council (EMMC-Coordination and Support Action)
- LORCENIS - Long Lasting Reinforced Concrete for Energy Infrastructure under Severe Operating Conditions
- MULTISURF - MULTI-functional metallic SURFaces via active Layered Double Hydroxide treatments
- SARCOS COST Action - Self-healing As preventive Repair of COncrete Structures
- SMARCOAT - Development of smart nano and microcapsulated sensing coatings for improving of material durability/performance
- TUMOCS - TUneable Multiferroics based on oxygen OCtahedral Structures
- NiCO LuFo Project - Cathodic corrosion protection by PVD aluminum alloy coatings
- FACTOR LuFo - Future Advanced Composite Bonding and Bonded Repair
- ALMAGIC - Aluminium and Magnesium Alloys Green Innovative Coatings / Clean Sky 2
- TRANSFERR - Transition metal oxides with metastable phases: a way towards superior ferroic properties
- FUMAS - Function integrated light weight construction of magnesium in car seat structures
- Humboldt Research Fellowships - Expedient screening of corrosion inhibitors for Mg alloys
- Humboldt Research Fellowships - Boosting the performance of Mg-air battery with modified electrolyte
- Marie Curie Individual Fellowship: MAGPLANT - Localized Corrosion Studies for Magnesium Implant Devices
- FUNCOAT - Development and design of novel multifunctional PEO coatings
- ActiCoat - Active environmentally friendly coatings for light metals based on combination of nano- and micro-containers
- Active corrosion protection of magnesium alloy via plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coatings
- SeaMag "High-performance seawater batteries for marine application"
- Eyesight to AI: Quantification of corrosion imprints by image recognition (Acronym: AI²)
- Virtual Open Innovation Platform for Active Protective Coatings Guided by Modelling and Optimization (VIPCOAT)
- H2Free - Investigation and modelling of Hydrogen effusion in electrochemically plated ultra-high strength steels used for landing gear structures
- Towards Artificial Intelligent Maintenance System (AIMS) via Predictive Failure Modelling and Numerical simulation (TAIFUN)
- AlkoMo 2 – Experimental and simulative description of critical damage mechanisms of non-aqueous alcoholate corrosion of Al structures in biogenic fuels
- Digital Materials Manufacture for application-oriented, accelerated development of functional materials for energy transition (DigiMatMan)
- iLUM – Innovative luftgestützte urbane Mobilität
- Ontology-based system for more competitive manufacturing processes (OntoTrans)
- Integrated Open Access Materials Modeling Innovation Platform for Europe
- Humboldt Research Fellowships: Design of metal organic framework (MOF) and hybrid metal organic framework - layered double hydroxide (MOF-LDH) coatings for Zn and Mg alloys corrosion protection
- Safe use of aluminium in marine multi-material constructions (MARINAL)
Project start date: 01/01/2014
Duration of the project: 48 months
Total budget: Around 900.000 Euro
Partners: University of Aveiro, Portugal, Airbus Group, Germany, Tehnolabor, Estonia
PROAIR: Active protection of multi-material assemblies for aircrafts
Fig. 1 Synergistic inhibition of benzotriazole (BTA) and Ce (III) for triple galvanic combinations (Zn-Fe-CFRP and Al-Cu-CFRP).
The main objective of this project is the development of basic strategies for active corrosion protection of multi-material assemblies in new “green aircraft” designs. In this way the project is driven by a strong industrial demand but has at the same time a very important research component on a fundamental scientific level. An essential starting point is a detailed investigation of the reaction mechanisms of corrosion caused by galvanic coupling effects in different multi-material combinations including Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics (CFRP) and metallic materials. This knowledge will be used as a basis for simulation of the localised corrosion processes in critical zones such as micro-confined hybrid joint areas and defects in coatings for multi-material application.
Another significant innovation is expected in the area of synergistic corrosion inhibition for galvanically coupled metals or the cases when a metallic material is connected to CFRP. The new active corrosion protection solutions based on novel corrosion inhibitors or their synergistic mixtures for multi-material combinations also present an important novelty (Fig. 1).
Figure 2. Synergistic complementarity between the research lines in PROAIR project.
The development of such new approaches is only possible via deep mechanistic investigation of the degradation processes in confined environments formed at multi-material joints. The second essential stage is finding the synergistic inhibiting combinations which can provide effective suppression of corrosion processes in the case of galvanically coupled dissimilar materials. The ultimate step is introduction of inhibiting compounds to the protective layers, adhesives and sealants used in multi-material design of aircrafts.
The project also aims in creation of stimulating and interdisciplinary R&D and training partnership, with actors from the academia and private sector, promoting the exchange of ideas, methods, techniques as well as enabling an accelerated technology transfer from science to industrial scale and of course a continuous collaborations between the stakeholders. The topic demands strongly innovation and interdisciplinary skills, since there is a lot of pressure from the private sector to develop more sustainable solutions for light-weight design of “green aircrafts”.
Funding programme: H2020
Project start date: 01/09/2016
Project end date: 31/08/2019
Total budget: 3 773 471 €
Partners: ACCESS e. V. Material- und Prozessentwicklung (DE), Dow Benelux B.V. (NL), Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (CH), Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V. (DE), Goldbeck Consulting Limited (UK), Granta Design Ltd (UK), MATERIALS DESIGN SARL (FR), Politecnico di Torino (IT), QuantumWise A/S (DK), SINTEF (NO), Stichting Dutch Polymer Institute (NL), Technische Universität Wien (AT, Coordinator), University of York (UK), Uppsala Universitet (SE)
European Materials Modelling Council (EMMC-Coordination and Support Action)
The aim of the EMMC-CSA is to establish current and forward looking complementary activities necessary to bring the field of materials modelling closer to the demands of manufacturers (both small and large enterprises) in Europe. The ultimate goal is that materials modelling and simulation will become an integral part of product life cycle management in European industry, thereby making a strong contribution to enhance innovation and competitiveness on a global level. Based on intensive efforts in the past two years within the European Materials Modelling Council (EMMC) which included numerous consultation and networking actions with representatives of all stakeholders including Modellers, Software Owners, Translators and Manufacturers in Europe, the EMMC identified and proposed a set of underpinning and enabling actions to increase the industrial exploitation of materials modelling in Europe. EMMC-CSA will pursue the following overarching objectives in order to establish and strengthen the underpinning foundations of materials modelling in Europe and bridge the gap between academic innovation and industrial application:
1. Enhance the interaction and collaboration between all stakeholders engaged in different types of materials modelling, including modellers, software owners, translators and manufacturers.
2. Facilitate integrated materials modelling in Europe building on strong and coherent foundations.
3. Coordinate and support actors and mechanisms that enable rapid transfer of materials modelling from academic innovation to the end users and potential beneficiaries in industry.
4. Achieve greater awareness and uptake of materials modelling in industry, in particular SMEs.
5. Elaborate Roadmaps that (i) identify major obstacles to widening the use of materials modelling in European industry and (ii) elaborate strategies to overcome them.
Project start date: 01/04/2016
Duration of the project: 48 months
Total budget: 8 Mio €, 587 k€ for Hereon
Partners: Acciona Infrastructuras S.A. (ES), CBI Betonginstitutet AB (SE), CHEMSTREAM BVBA (BE), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (ES), Dyckerhoff GmbH (DE), Fundacion Agustin De Betancourt (ES), Fundacion Agustin De Betancourt (ES), Fundacion CIDETEC (ES), Kvaerner Concrete Solutions AS (NO), National Technical University of Athens (GR), SINTEF (NO), SKIA Technology AG (CH), SMALLMATEK - Small Materials and Technologies LDA (PT), Universidade De Aveiro (PT), Universiteit Gent (BE), VATTENFALL AB (SE)
LORCENIS - Long Lasting Reinforced Concrete for Energy Infrastructure under Severe Operating Conditions
Advanced Engineering Software Tool
The main goal of the LORCENIS project is to develop long reinforced concrete for energy infrastructures with lifetime extended up to a 100% under extreme operating conditions. Four scenarios of severe operating conditions are considered:
1. Concrete infrastructure in deep sea, arctic and subarctic zones: Offshore windmills, gravity based structures, bridge piles and harbours
2. Concrete and mortar under mechanical fatigue in offshore windmills and sea structures
3. Concrete structures in concentrated solar power plants exposed to high temperature thermal fatigue
4. Concrete cooling towers subjected to acid attack
The goal will be realized through the development of multifunctional strategies integrated in concrete formulations and advanced stable bulk concretes from optimized binder technologies. A multi-scale show case will be realized towards service-life prediction of reinforced concretes in extreme environments to link several model approaches and launch innovation for new software tools. The durability of sustainable advanced reinforced concrete structures developed will be proven and validated within LORCENIS under severe operating conditions , starting from a proof of concept (TRL 3) to technology validation (TRL 5).
LORCENIS is a well-balanced consortium of multidisciplinary experts from 9 universities and research institutes and 7 industries, including two SMEs, from 8 countries. All partners will contribute to training by exchange of personnel and joint actions with other European projects and will increase the competitiveness and sustainability of European industry by bringing innovative materials and new methods closer to the markedt and permitting the establishment of energy infrastructures in areas with harsh climate and environmental conditions at acceptable costs.
WZK will lead the work package entitled “Advanced software for modelling and end-of-life prediction”.
Project start date: 01/01/2015
Duration of the project: 48 months
Total budget: 650 k€, 90 k€ for Hereon
Partners: University of Aveiro (Portugal), Airbus Deutschland GMBH (Germany), Belarussian State University (Belarus), Small Materials and Technologies Lda (Portugal)
MULTISURF - MULTI-functional metallic SURFaces via active Layered Double Hydroxide treatments
SEM images of the bare AA2024
The main objective of the proposal is development of active multi-functional surfaces with high level of self-healing ability on the basis of Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH) structures. The innovative active treatments are planned to be applied on wide range of metallic substrates relevant for transportation industrially. The main targeted functionalities of the created surfaces are related primarily to enhanced fault tolerance and active protection against contamination, biofouling and corrosive damage. The active functionalities will be introduced via incorporation of functional molecules within LDH structures grown directly on the metallic surfaces in result of a conversion process (Figure 1).
Possible mechanism of triggered release from LDH structures
The activation of the desired functionality on demand will be achieved utilising intrinsic “smart” release properties of LDHs under various external triggers (Figure 2). An additional surface “health monitoring” functionality will be introduced based on the same principles or using LDH structures as sensing nanoreactors.
Surface protection system for internal aircraft application
The project also aims in creation of stimulating and interdisciplinary R&D and training partnership, with participants from the academia and private sector, promoting the exchange of ideas, methods, techniques as well as enabling an accelerated technology transfer from science to industrial scale and of course a continuous collaborations between the stakeholders. The topic demands strongly innovation and interdisciplinary skills, since there is a lot of pressure from the private sector to develop more sustainable solutions for light-weight transportation solutions. The developed treatments must be compliant with environmental regulations, must present reduced thickness/weight, and must promote energy saves, with longer lifetime (Figure 3). Moreover it has to be considered that the related processing and assembly steps have to be economically competitive. Thus, the actual times are very challenging for this field and new skills and trained people are an acknowledged need.
MULTISURF project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 645676.
Project start date: 26/02/2016
Duration of the project: 48 months
Partners: more than 20 partners from Belgium, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, United Kingdom
SARCOS COST Action - Self-healing As preventive Repair of COncrete Structures
The search for smart self-healing materials and preventive repair methods is justified by the increasing sustainability and safety requirements of structures. The appearance of small cracks in concrete is unavoidable, not necessarily causing a risk of collapse for the structure, but certainly accelerating its degradation and diminishing the service life and sustainability of constructions. That loss of performance and functionality promote an increasing investment on maintenance and/or intensive repair/strengthening works. The critical nature of such requirements is signified by their inclusion as priority challenges in the European Research Program.
The first focus of this proposal is to compare the use of self-healing capabilities of concrete with the use of external healing methods for repairing existing concrete elements. Despite the promising potential of the developed healing technologies, they will be real competitive alternatives only when sound and comparative characterization techniques for performance verification are developed, being this SARCOS’s second focus. The third focus deals with modelling the healing mechanisms taking place for the different designs and with predicting the service life increase achieved by these methods.
SARCOS COST Action will be leaded by research institutions searching on different self-healing technologies and repair solutions for extending service life of new and existing concrete structures, with high expertise in developing characterization techniques. Also specialists on modelling healing mechanisms and experts on numerical service life prediction models contribute for the Action’s success. This composition provides a solid framework to advance in implementing innovative and sustainable solutions for extending the service life of concrete structures.
Project start date: 01/01/2015
Duration of the project: 48 months
Total budget: 900 k€
Partners: University of Aveiro (Portugal) - Coordinator, Smallmatek (Portugal), Latvijas Universitates Polimeru Mehanikas (Latvia), Synpo Akciova Spolecnost (Czech Republik), Belarusian State University (Belarus)
SMARCOAT - Development of smart nano and microcapsulated sensing coatings for improving of material durability/performance
Detection of corrosion processes using polymeric capsules with pH indicator
The project aims to develop an innovative approach to impart sensing functionality and detect substrate degradation. The degradation processes targeted will be corrosion of metallic substrates and mechanical damage by impact on fibre reinforced plastics and composites (FRP), used as structural components in the vehicle industry worldwide. The innovative sensing materials are based on controlled release of active species, encapsulated in polymeric and inorganic capsules with sizes ranging from several micrometres down to the nanometre range. These will be designed and prepared in a way that responds to specific triggers associated with the nature of the degradation process. The functional materials will be subsequently incorporated as additives in organic and hybrid organic-inorganic coating
matrices, or directly impregnated in the substrate (FRP). The goal is to get coatings capable of sensing substrate degradation at early stages, making maintenance operations cost-effective without jeopardizing safety. The range of selected materials encloses systems conceptually designed to be prepared and tested for the first time at lab scale (high breakthrough at research level) and others already studied at lab scale with promising results and which can already be tested at pilot scale (high innovation level). Furthermore, the characterization encompasses lab-scale, cutting-edge technologies and modelling, as well as upscaling and industrial validation. The consortium has strong knowledge and relevant experience from previously conducted projects on the topic. The project foresees intensive exchange of staff between the involved partners, which are from both the academic and non-academic sector. Also, staff exchange with a partner organization outside the EU is planned.
Project start date: 01/01/2015
Duration of the project: 48 months
Total budget: 800 k€, 70 k€ for Hereon
Partners: University of Aveiro (Portugal), Universitaet Duisburg-Essen (Germany), Science And Technology Facilities Council (UK), Vilniaus Universitetas (Lithuania), Small Materials And Technologies Lda (Portugal), Scientific-Practical Materials Research Centre of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Belarus), Institute For Low Temperature Physics And Engineering Of Nasu (Ukraine)
TUMOCS - TUneable Multiferroics based on oxygen OCtahedral Structures
Cation ordering in octahedral layers of LDH for M(II)/M(III) = 2:1 (top) and 3:1 (bottom)
The main objective of the project is development of new lead-free multiferroic materials for prospective application in forms of films and/or arranged layers in which the cross-coupling (magnetic-dipolar-elastic) can be tuned by both internal and external factors. This objective is to be achieved through preparation, investigation, and optimization of two kinds of Bi-containing oxygenoctahedral (BCOO) systems with paramagnetic ions involved: metastable perovskites and layered double hydroxides (LDHs, Figure 1). The characteristic feature of such materials is a possibility of supplementary control parameters in addition to temperature and external electric/magnetic field.
Two possible antipolar subgroups for the asprepared BiFe0.5Sc0.5O3 sample with the Pnma symmetry
Polarization in such metastable perovskites is easily switched by application of external pressure (or stress in the case of films) (Figure 2). Electric and magnetic characteristics of BCOO LDHs are tuned through appropriate anion exchanges. It makes these characteristics dependent on environment conditions: humidity, pH, and presence of specific anion species. The BCOO materials of both mentioned groups are of interest as new and unusual multiferroics. No LDH materials have been considered as potential multiferroics so far, while the metastable BCOO materials proposed in this project have not been obtained before. Besides, a tuneability and high sensibility of their properties to external impacts make them promising for applications in sensors. Exploration and development of such materials require consolidation of specialists of complementary expertise in Physics, Chemistry, and Materials Science, with access to and skills in using specific and unique equipment and facilities. Therefore, formation of an interdisciplinary network of teams with different scientific culture and ensuring the effective knowledge & expertise transfer is important objective of the project. Advance in development of the BCOO multiferroics has potential market opportunities for R&D SME involved in this project.
Project start date: 01/07/2016
Duration of the project: 38 months
Total budget: 396 k€
NiCO LuFo Project - Cathodic corrosion protection by PVD aluminum alloy coatings
The aim of this project is to develop a PVD aluminium alloy coating free of nickel and cadmium, for the cathodic protection of steel in aircraft structures.
Project start date: 15/02/2016
Duration of the project: 39 months
Total budget: 193 k€
Partners: Airbus, DLR, Fraunhofer-IFAM, Lufthansa Technik, Premium AEROTEC
FACTOR LuFo - Future Advanced Composite Bonding and Bonded Repair
Factor-Hereon focusses on the electrochemical properties and its impact on the bonding performance of Ti based engineering components in aircrafts. In order to have a deeper understanding of failure mechanism and, therefore, set up the most efficient Ti-joint design and related processing / pretreatment, it is necessary to perform a detailed study regarding the properties of the native oxide films on titanium as well as the titanium films after anodizing (including intermediate steps in the process). Based on the project outcome, an optimized surface finishing via technical N4 processing (Airbus) will be designed. If quantified data on the film feedback are available, the engineering and construction chain can be adjusted, towards minimal risks of failure of e.g. Ti-CFRP structural bonds.
Research & Innovation Action / H2020-CS2-CFP04-2016-02
Project start date: 01/05/2017
Duration of the project: 18 months
Total budget: 1 Million Euro, 280 k€ for Hereon
In collaboration with MTU, Germany (Topic Manager); CIDAUT, Spain (coordinator); Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain; Technical University of Delft, Netherlands; Henkel, Germany; AkzoNobel, Netherlands.
ALMAGIC - Aluminium and Magnesium Alloys Green Innovative Coatings / Clean Sky 2
With the use of light alloys, such as aluminium and magnesium, new applications have been found to quickly improve existing designs in the aircraft industry. The disadvantage of using these materials is that they are particularly susceptible to corrosion. Environmental degradation is a limiting factor for magnesium–aluminium (Mg–Al) alloys in outdoor applications. An effective way to protect alloys from fast degradation or reduce to the degradation rate is surface treatment. Hexavalent chromium has served as the primary means of corrosion protection in the aircraft industry since 1936 and allowed for the distinctive bare-metal finishes of the World War II era. Hexavalent chromium is a known carcinogen, with the major route of exposure through inhalation of vapour or dust. The chromates are among the current chemicals for which industrial users must find substitutes, or request authorisation from EU regulators to continue their use. In the case of chromium trioxide and the acids, the application deadline was March 2016 and the “sunset” date for the substances is September 2017. Therefore, there is an urgent need facing the aerospace industry to replace the conventional corrosion inhibitor, hexavalent chromium. Regulatory and market drivers are motivating a global effort in the aerospace industry to replace hexavalent chromium-containing materials with hexavalent chromium-free alternatives for various applications.
The ALMAGIC project is focused on solving the aforementioned problematic by validating the developed innovative alternatives to chromium (VI) coatings for aluminium and magnesium alloys. ALMAGIC will ensure the developed solutions comply with the REACH regulations, while all quality standards are met. The project is co-funded by the Clean Sky 2 Joint Technology Initiative (CS2 JTI) which is a Public-Private Partnership between the European Commission and industry.
Project start date: 01/12/2017
Duration of the project: 48 months
Total budget: 783 k€, 153 k€ for Hereon
Coordination: Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland)
TRANSFERR - Transition metal oxides with metastable phases: a way towards superior ferroic properties
Fig. 1 : HRTEM image of the Bi1-xPrxFeO3 at the phase boundary. The regions with different structural symmetry are marked by dot lines. Insets show FFT images of the different structural phases.
The main objective of the project is development of complex transition metal oxides with perovskite-like structure having improved and controllable (multi)ferroic properties. The mentioned materials are manganites and ferrites with optimal composition having distinct magnetization, polarization, (magneto)transport properties and/or magnetoelectric coupling. The idea of the project is to utilize reduced structural stability of these oxides governed by multiple structural state (Fig. 1) which increases their sensitivity to external stimuli.
Fig. 2: The XRD pattern of the Pr-doped BiFeO3 compound with composition near the phase boundary. The inset shows an evolution of the structural peaks attributed to the different structural phases
Improved functional properties of these oxides can be controlled via modification of the chemical bond character, structural parameters, stoichiometry, defects etc. The reduced stability is associated with the metastable structural state formed in the vicinity of the phase boundaries, while this state presumably consists of coexistent nanoscale regions of the adjacent structural phases (Fig. 2).
The Project realization is based on the two main scientific approaches aimed at the creation of metastable state of the compounds: the first one considers a design of ceramics via chemical substitution and post-synthesis treatment by high pressure and/or thermal cycling in gases to induce nanoscale regions, the second one assumes chemical routes synthesis of the films and ceramics.
Besides the fundamental interest of the Project associated with the phase transitions and related phenomena affecting properties of the oxides the scientific teams consider the compounds under study to be effective materials for electronic applications (as magnetic/electric field sensors, magnetic memory elements, filters etc). Research of these materials requires consolidative efforts of specialists in different scientific areas - Materials Science, Theoretical Physics, Solid State Physics etc. as well as an access to unique equipment and facilities. Another important objective of the Project is a formation of interdisciplinary network of teams and specialists with different scientific backgrounds which will ensure effective transfer of actual knowledge and skills. Development of the transition metal oxides with controllable properties has promising commercial opportunities for the involved commercial company.
FUMAS - Function integrated light weight construction of magnesium in car seat structures
- Faurecia Autositze GmbH
- KODA Stanz- und Biegetechnik GmbH
- Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR)
- JUBO Technologies GmbH
- TWI GmbH
The main aim of this by the Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) funded project is using lightweight constructions in order to decrease the energy consumption of vehicles and thus to conserve resources and to reduce climate-damaging emissions. The benefit of the vehicles weight reduction like reduced energy consumption is independent from the engine, which is also ecologically worthwhile for vehicles with alternative engines. The work of this project is concentrated on the weight reduction of a car seat structure using a magnesium component in the seat back. Car seats are the mechanically most loaded components in the car interior and have a significant impact on the vehicle´s weight. At the moment magnesium seat components are implemented as die cast parts for small series. The potential of weight reduction of these parts is 30 to 40 % in comparison to steel. Furthermore, wrought magnesium alloys have better mechanical properties and a better formability than cast parts. A simple substitution of steel sheets by magnesium sheets fails on the one hand on the lower strength of magnesium sheets and on the other hand on the lack of suitable joining and corrosion protection solutions. An alternative process route which combines extrusion and warm forming can be the solution to be competitive to steel components. The options in the design of extruded profiles make it possible to integrate supporting and mounting structures which are not used in conventional sheet metal applications yet. The project FUMAS opens the opportunity to bring mechanically high loaded magnesium seat components in high volume industrial application by using this new production process and the realization of new design concepts.
Humboldt Research Fellowships - Expedient screening of corrosion inhibitors for Mg alloys
The project specifically addresses the high susceptibility of magnesium alloys to atmospheric and galvanic corrosion. A light material, so attractive to automotive and aerospace applications, yet highly susceptible to corrosion is in focus of this research work. The research objective is to identify chemical compounds that effectively inhibit corrosion of magnesium alloys. A systematic search for inhibitors of magnesium corrosion is being undertaken as opposed to the isolated data reported before. Selection from the large pool of potential candidates was based on recently discovered mechanism of detrimental effect of Fe impurities on corrosion of magnesium. Compliance of identified inhibitors with current environmental regulations is verified in a thorough study of EU regulations. The project contributes to reach beyond current developments and establish European leadership in the emerging field of inhibitors of magnesium corrosion.
Humboldt Research Fellowships - Boosting the performance of Mg-air battery with modified electrolyte
The possible solution for enhancement of battery performance is the development of the appropriate electrolyte. The main research objective of the BatMag proposal is to identify electrolyte additives that serve as corrosion inhibitors for the suppression of the Mg self-corrosion and that prevent the formation of blocking precipitates.
Project start date: 01/09/2016
Duration of the project: 24 months
Total budget: 160 k€
Partner: University of Aveiro, Portugal
Marie Curie Individual Fellowship: MAGPLANT - Localized Corrosion Studies for Magnesium Implant Devices
The goal of MAGPLANT is to investigate localized corrosion processes on magnesium and magnesium alloys, in biologically relevant environments. As consequence of knowing “what happens” microscopically at the interface between Mg-alloys and biological media, a large improvement is expected on the future fabrication of these structures.
The project will develop in various stages contemplating multidisciplinary research topics. The first stage will embrace the development of microsensors that can be effectively used for local measurements on the near-surface of Mg-alloys, such as pH and H2 sensors. Localized corrosion techniques such as SVET and SIET will used during the following stages, where selected Mg-alloys will be studied in bio-simulated media of increasing complexity in order to build sustained and progressive knowledge. According to the essence and core objectives of Marie Curie Actions, these findings will be disseminated in multiple information channels in order to engage with different societal sectors and collect increasing attention from policy makers and relevant technological partners.
As main scientific outcome of this project it is expected that localized corrosion processes on magnesium become thoroughly understood. This will help to control the corrosion rate of the metal and its alloys, which are currently the main barrier to their widespread application in biotechnology and other fields. As load-bearing implants, magnesium alloys will comprise adjustable biodegradability, high biocompatibility and above all, increasingly fast and effective healing periods, which can produce remarkable socio-economic benefits for injured patients, while establishing Mg-based prosthetic devices as the optimal and safest solution for load- bearing implants.
Project start date: 01/01/2019
Duration of the project: 48 months
Funding for the Project (€): 1.301.800
Partners: TEHNOLABOR OU (TLAB), Estomia; Faculty of Physics of the University of Belgrade (UB), Serbia; Chemical Agrosava (CAS), Serbia; SSPA SPMRC of NAS of Belarus (SPMRC), Belarus; Belarusian State University (BSU), Belarus; Smallmatek (SMT), Portugal; University of Aveiro (UAVR), Portugal; MEOTEC Gmbh & CO KG (MEOTEC), Germany.
FUNCOAT - Development and design of novel multifunctional PEO coatings
The main objective of the project is the development of multi-purpose, multi-functional surfaces via environmentally friendly plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) treatments. With a novel approach, the weakness of the PEO process (the inherent porosity due to the discharges forming the coating is often responsible for poor properties) is used to functionalize the coating using the open pore structure as a reservoir for nanocontainers or to bring particles with certain functionalities deep into the coatings (fast pathways). The main targeted functionalities are enhanced fault tolerance and active protection against corrosive damage as well as improved tribological behavior. Moreover, to extend this typical field of applications of PEO treatments and address additional industries and aspects, a set of less common functionalities, such as photocatalytic, magnetic, thermo- and electro-conductivity will be added. This is challenging and goes far beyond the state-of-the-art introduction via post-treatments. To deal with such sensitive materials, changes in the power supply are required and this is addressed as one of the key points of the project as well.
The essential key of the project is the formation and development of an interdisciplinary R&D partnership, where participants from both academia (five) and private sector (four SME) in four EU Member States or Associated Countries and in one Third Country participate, promoting and sharing their ideas, expertise, techniques and methods to solve this demanding challenge. This partnership will be beneficial for all participants, since new PEO hardware, environmentally friendly processes and applications important for industry
are developed, evaluated and promoted by the research institutions via presentations and publications of the obtained results. Laboratory based training and intersectional transfer of knowledge are key aspects of the FUNCOAT project, and the partnership gathers the topmost competences to carry out the suggested research program.
Hereon acts as the project coordinator and leads the work packages ‘PEO modification for transport application’, ‘Coordination and management’, and ‘Ethics requirements’.
FUNCOAT project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 823942.
Project start date: 01/09/2018
Duration of the project: 36 months
Funding for the Project (€): 150.000,00
Partners: University of Tartu (UT), Estonia; Frumkin Institute of Physical chemistry and Electrochemistry Russian academy of sciences (IPCE RAS), Russia; National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, Russia.
ActiCoat - Active environmentally friendly coatings for light metals based on combination of nano- and micro-containers
ACTICOAT project is devoted to the development of novel environmental friendly active anti-corrosion coating systems for light metal structures (Mg, Al) used in automotive and aeronautical design. The present project approaches this issue from the side of synergistic inhibition integrated in protective coatings applied onto the metal substrates. The main idea is to find the environmental friendly synergistic inhibitive combinations which can provide effective suppression of corrosion of light metals (also for galvanically coupled dissimilar joints). Controlled release of inhibitors is obtained by loading them into appropriate nanocontainers. However, the essential step is the introduction of inhibiting compounds into the protective layers based on an multi-layer concept consisting of PEO coating for promoting adhesion and providing macro-containers, additional or integrated primer layers and final polymer top coats. This approach is used because the loss of nanocontainers to the environment should be minimized thus the containers are added into the open pores of PEO coatings creating a "container in container" solution (Fig. 1).
The achievement of these goals is not possible without extensive support of multi-scale modelling approaches on different stages of development process from inhibitor selection to the final design of the protective system and testing of the release of the inhibitors from the coatings and its impact on environment and health. Molecular modelling approaches will be utilized in the case of inhibitor interaction with metallic, inorganic (PEO macro-container) or polymer interfaces (sealing top coats) and selection of environmental friendly inhibitors.
ACTICOAT project is financed by Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in frame of Era.Net RUS Plus Call 2017.
Figure 1: The mechanism of coating functioning : classical approach vs. ACTICOAT approach
Project start date: 01/01/2020
Duration of the project: 24 months
Funding for the Project (€): Around 178.300,00; 125.300,00 for Hereon
Partners: Northeastern University (NEU), School of Materials Science and Engineering, China.
Active corrosion protection of magnesium alloy via plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coatings
Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) is an advanced anodizing process which leads to formation of ceramic-like oxide coatings on the surface of light metals. The oxide layers developed by PEO are usually hard, strongly-adherent to the substrate and confer both corrosion and wear resistance. In spite of many advantages, the layers are generally composed of high porosity as a result of discharge breakdowns and gas evolution during the coating growth process. Moreover, the size of the pores increases with the coating thickness in many cases. Such an intrinsic porosity often compromises and even deteriorates the barrier properties of the layer. From another hand, the high porosity could be advantageous and considered as natural reservoir to load inhibitor-containing nanocontainers, which release inhibitors on demand. Recently it was shown that layered double hydroxides (LDHs) can act as such nanocontainers, releasing suitable corrosion inhibitors in the presence of Cl- or OH- anions. The general formula of the most common LDHs can be represented as [MII1-xMIIIx(OH)2]x+(Ay-)x/y·zH2O. Following their structure, the protective LDH action can be explained via the anion-exchange reaction induced by mentioned triggers. In other words, when corrosion conditions occur, the LDH nanocontainers release inhibiting anions and absorb corrosion-active ions such as Cl-.
Moreover, formation of LDH based nanocontainers in the pores of PEO layer will improve the barrier properties of the resulting system via sealing. In spite of significant recent progress, achieved in LDH formation on PEO treated Mg substrates. Two main drawbacks, limiting their further industrial applications, remain: (1) LDH formation occurs under autoclave conditions, (2) LDH are formed in the presence of carbonate anions, leading to the formation “dead” non-functionalizable LDH, which cannot be loaded with corrosion inhibitors. In the present study, we will focus not only on incorporation of inhibitor-loaded nanocontainers (both in- and ex-situ) into PEO coatings but also on direct formation of LDH on PEO treated surfaces in order to provide a controlled and prolonged release of the functional species to achieve active long-lasting corrosion protection for Mg alloys.
Project start date: 01/06/2018
Duration of the project: 36 months
Funding for the Project (€): 1.861k€
Partners: SINTEF New Energy Solutions (Norway); develogic subsea systems GmbH (Germany); develogic Norway AS(Norway); National Academy of Science of Belarus (Belarus)
SeaMag "High-performance seawater batteries for marine application"
The aim is to develop high capacity and cost efficient magnesium (Mg) based seawater batteries with increased environmental compatibility suitable for long term operation of marine observatories. The partners plan to improve the performance of Mg-seawater batteries in different hydrodynamic conditions by finding the optimum combination of anode material, electrolyte additives and cathode design to achieve longevity of minimum 5 years and a capacity of 25kWh. Aqueous primary Mg batteries have several advantages for marine applications as they can operate at any pressure, have greater power storage capacities and are cheaper than lithium-ion batteries. Furthermore, since the unlimited supply of seawater serves as the electrolyte, the size and weight of the battery system can be considerably reduced. Possibly applications are autonomous subsea observation systems in the oil & gas and aquaculture industry.
SeaMag is funded by the MarTERA partners Research Council of Norway (RCN), German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) and National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (NASB) and co-funded by the European Union.
Funding programme: Helmholtz AI Cooperation Unit projects
Project start date: 01/09/2021
Project end date: 31/08/2023
Total budget: 381237€
Partners: Department of Interface Modelling (MOM), Department of Electrochemistry and Big Data (MOD), Helmholtz Zentrum München (Albarqouni group)
Eyesight to AI: Quantification of corrosion imprints by image recognition (Acronym: AI²)
Small organic molecules that modulate the degradation behaviour of magnesium (Mg) constitute benign and useful materials to modify the service environment of light metal materials for specific applications. However, the large number of potentially effective compounds renders the currently used experimental discovery methods time, labour and resource consuming. Fortunately, computer-assisted methods can be utilised to screen large areas of chemical space with less effort. The fundamental concept of the proposed project is to firstly develop an automated routine that facilitates high-throughput quantification of the effect of the organic additives on the degradation of a Mg alloy. For this sake, a pattern recognition algorithm will be employed to classify and rank the degree of material degradation based on the surface appearance of the exposed specimen. This optical signal will be subsequently used as target parameter for a variety of supervised and semi-supervised learning approaches (e.g. based on an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) or Graph Convolutional Networks (GCN)) to predict the performance of untested additives. The data-driven models will in turn be validated by the method that was initially employed to generate the training database by providing a list of promising chemicals for experimental investigation to select the best algorithm for a robust and reliable prediction.
Funding programme: H2020
Project start date: 01/05/2021
Project end date: 30/04/2025
Total budget: 5 519 625 €
Partners: Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon (Coordinator), Airbus (DE), AkzoNobel (NL), Elsyca (BE), WIKKI (UK), Fraunhofer (DE), SMT (PT), NTNU (NO), LIST (LU), SINTEF (NO), VUB (BE), TU Delft (NL)
Virtual Open Innovation Platform for Active Protective Coatings Guided by Modelling and Optimization (VIPCOAT)
VIPCOAT will establish an ontology-based Open Innovation Platform form the development of inhibiting, active protective coatings and corresponding accelerator tests for assessing their in-service durability. The aim is to assist engineers in coating industry in developing coating materials and to advice accelerated test scenarios for their durability based on standardized simulation workflows. While initially, VIPCOAT will target the aeronautic industry, the Open Innovation Platform will develop interoperable Apps, based on standardized ontologies as extensions of the European Materials Modelling Ontology, which will allow for cross industry fertilization. The main target for interoperability and even integration, will be the emerging Open Translation Environments, Materials Modelling Market Place and Business Decision Support Systems currently being developed broadly in H2020-LEIT-NMBP projects. The Quadruple Helix Innovation Model will be used for VIPCOAT project implementation, development and utilization. The open innovations process will be realized by active interrelations between manufacturing industry, universities and research institutions, local government and civil participants. Business decision will be based on multi-criteria optimization approach to ensure more rapid and effective decision-making processes of selecting, designing and manufacturing of coating materials for active corrosion protection. The VIPCOAT platform will open the door for new production concepts with reduced process steps, lower consumption of energy and reduced natural resource utilization (water, raw materials). Moreover, the modelling supported coating design and manufacturing process will promote the development of a green technology for protective coatings, thereby promoting cheap and efficient approaches for corrosion inhibition. The new alternative environment-friendly inhibitors will support health on manufacturing staff by improving the manufacturing working conditions.
Funding programme: Horizon 2020 / Clean Sky JU
Project start date: 01/01/2021
Project end date: 01/04/2023
Total budget: 1 M€
Partners: HEREON (Germany), CIDETEC (Spain), ELSYCA (Belgium), AZTERLAN (Spain), ELHCO (Spain), MPIE (Germany)
H2Free - Investigation and modelling of Hydrogen effusion in electrochemically plated ultra-high strength steels used for landing gear structures
Aircraft landing gear structure constructed with UHSS
Abstract: The main objective of the H2Free project is to develop a practical guideline for hydrogen degassing of UHS-steels plated with LHE-Zn-Ni, with the aim of saving production costs and allowing Zn-Ni to overtake Cd coatings.
Keywords: Hydrogen embrittlement, modelling, hydrogen degassing, hydrogen kinetics, UHSS, Zn-Ni, plating, corrosion, guidelines
Project motivation: Coated Ultra High Strength Steels (UHSS) are used for constructing aircraft parts, since they offer lightweight and high strength. However, these UHSS parts are highly susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement, which drastically changes their properties and may lead to disastrous accidents. Thus, the degassing stage during the production of these parts plays an important role in reducing the concentration of hydrogen. The degassing process, the degassing efficiency and the hydrogen intake are dependent on the nature and structure of the coating and base steel. Therefore, a better understanding of the degassing process will aid in developing efficient degassing techniques to be used in the industry and reduce the amount of scrap, which in turn has a positive impact on the environment.
Effusion of hydrogen along the grain boundaries
Hereon’s part: At Hereon, we are developing a simulation model that captures the effusion of hydrogen in electrochemically plated UHSS. The model developed at Hereon simulates the effusion of hydrogen in the base steel and in the coating and captures the surface reactions that lead to the escape and intake of hydrogen. The model will support four different UHSS and multiple coating microstructures as well. Calibration of the model will be done in accordance with the experimental data provided by the other partners. Finally, a computationally cheap surrogate model will be developed and employed in commercial plating software.
• Finite element method is chosen as the modeling approach for the development of the model, since a complex partial different equation with many parameters has to be solved over a complicated domain of the microstructure.
• FEniCS, an open source partial differential equation computing library, is the modeling platform used, since it is widely accepted in the scientific community and offers excellent versatility and flexibility needed for the project.
• An initial model has been set up with a microstructure based on data from literature. The model already supports a complex microstructure with multiple grains. The model captures the flow of hydrogen in steel along the grain boundaries and dissipation into the atmosphere.
Funding programme: MarTERA Call 2019
Project start date: 01/07/2020
Project end date: 30/06/2023
Total budget: 1.080.000 €
Partners: SINTEF Industry (Norway), Helmut Schmidt University (Germany), Jotun AS (Norway), develogic GmbH (Germany), Zensor NV (Belgium), Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Zentrum für Material- und Küstenforschung GmbH (Germany)
Towards Artificial Intelligent Maintenance System (AIMS) via Predictive Failure Modelling and Numerical simulation (TAIFUN)
Monitoring coating maintenance time with sensors and artificial intelligence is an ongoing demand in the Industry 4.0 approach, particularly for maritime industry, where accessibility to steel structures is too challenging. Despite the accessibility of marine steel structures, furthured parameters may play role lonely or simultanteasly on corrosion initiation and corrosion progress phases. Some of these parameteres like temperature, humadity, salinity and time of wetness can be directly collected through site data collection phase, whereas measurement and influence of some of them like inspection methods, inspection method accuracy, accediental issues and human errors are not so far clear. Therefore, developing a systematic and predictive model considering all these issues are highly required. In this regard, two type of data analysis approach are separately considered: (I) Analysis of the site collected data and available marine atmospheric databases in the literature by fast analysis methods like machine learning approach. Due to the possible limitatin of site or database data in data analysis, nummerical modeling of corrosion with all these parameters was also considered in this project. (II) Effective analysis of the image data collected from the site and the existing databases provided by industrial partners by fast and inteligent machine learning approaches. A sensor is then going to be designed and developed based on above data analysis to measture and predict the optimum coatting maintannace. The project has been designed in 2 TRLs nad 6 working packages as explained in the abstract figure below:
Project start date: 01/04/2021
Project end date: 01/04/2023
Total budget: 137 k€
Partners: Technische Universitaet Darmstadt (Germany), Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Zentrum für Material- und Küstenforschung GmbH (Germany)
AlkoMo 2 – Experimental and simulative description of critical damage mechanisms of non-aqueous alcoholate corrosion of Al structures in biogenic fuels
Exposure of Al alloy structures to ethanol containing fuels at elevated temperatures leads to high risk of rapid pitting corrosion and component failure. Understanding of decisive mechanisms and driving forces is necessary for predicting critical conditions for corrosion occurrence. The interplay between microstructural alloy aspects and chemical/electrochemical reactions in the fluid phase and at the interface is key for capturing critical aspects of the corrosion. We use a combinative statistical, machine learning and Finite Element Method approach for modelling the problem cases at Hereon whereas the experimental part is conducted by TU Darmstadt partners.
Funding programme: DTEC.Bw
Project start date: 01/01/2021
Project end date: 31/12/2024
Total budget: 468k for Hereon
Partners: Hereon (WTN, WGM), Helmut-Schmidt-Universität (HSU)
Digital Materials Manufacture for application-oriented, accelerated development of functional materials for energy transition (DigiMatMan)
Computational Materials Design (CMD) and Combinatorial Materials Science (CMS) are two major paradigm shifts enabling significant speed-up of materials development and commercialization. There is, therefore, a clear opportunity for technological advantage by exploiting the benefits of a fully integrated, digitised materials design methodology that equally draws on computational and combinatorial methodologies linked by a common data management and data mining platform. In this context, the DigiMatMan project is launched aiming to:
- Realise the first-of-its-kind fully integrated digital/combinatorial Materials Design Environment for functional materials in energy and hydrogen applications.
- Demonstrate accelerated development cycles in four relevant research areas: Mg-ion battery chemistries, H2 storage materials, metamaterials, and fuel cell electrocatalysis.
- Develop tailored access modes for industry and academia to permanently sustain the Digital Materials Foundry.
The project will be implemented in close collaboration between HSU and Hereon with interactions between all work packages. HSU will lead on the synthesis and design capabilities as well as the data science platform that acts as the central hub for all other activities. Teams at Hereon and HSU will realise modular functional screening capabilities for application areas. Hereon will also contribute physical vapour deposition (PVD) expertise to realise the cluster tool at HSU for joint usage. Specifically, team in the Department of Interface Modelling, Institute of Surface Science, takes the responsibility for anode materials development for advanced Mg-ion batteries within the framework of this project. Fabrication of compositionally gradient thin films of alloy anode is proceeded via PVD approach. An electrochemical testing rig for efficiently measuring micro-anodes array will be constructed to evaluate the Mg2+ plating/striping kinetics of each anode in the array via high throughput electrochemical measurements. Anode properties (charging/discharging reversibility, specific capacity, cycling stability, etc.) will be linked to the thin-film composition. Data achieved will also be transferred to Computational Materials Design combined with Data Science for data mining and the construction of digital design maps, contributing to further anode compositional optimization.
Funding programme: HamburgX
Project start date: 01/10/2020
Project end date: 30/09/2023
Partners: DLR, TUHH, HAW, HSU, HCU
iLUM – Innovative luftgestützte urbane Mobilität
The overarching scientific objective of the i-LUM project is the development of methodological, systemic and knowledge-based foundations for the elaboration and evaluation of the feasibility of innovative concepts and technologies for urban aerial mobility for the Hamburg metropolitan region in future scenarios (2040/2050). Through an integrating system wide approach, cross-linked scientific excellence shall be achieved within the network. Questions of social acceptance will be investigated by means of social research, legal aspects of feasibility will be scrutinized and the scalability of the concepts will be examined. Based on the project results, an application for a DFG-Graduiertenkolleg for UAM is to be submitted and a Hamburg UAM Cluster of Excellence established. MOM is working on linking simulation tools in order to integrate material aspects into DLR's overall system modelling environment - RCE.
Funding programme: H2020
Project start date: 01/04/2020
Project end date: 31/03/2024
Total budget: 5 516 936,25 €
Partners: TU Wien (Coordinator), Goldbeck Consultinh (UK), Uni Bologna (IT), Fraunhofer (DE), SINTEF (NO), Hereon (DE), Computational Modelling Cambridge (UK), DataStories (BE), ArcelorMittal (SP), Composites Evolution (UK), Proctr&Gamble (BE)
Ontology-based system for more competitive manufacturing processes (OntoTrans)
Today’s rapidly changing manufacturing industry needs adaptive and efficient manufacturing systems that can adjust to the changes in production materials and processes. Having this challenge in mind, the EU-funded OntoTRANS project aims to introduce an ontology-based open translation environment. Using AI, the project will make it possible for end users to represent their manufacturing process challenges in a standard ontological form. It will also enable them to connect these challenges with relevant information sources and materials modelling solutions that can support optimal materials and process design. Smart targeted guidance will be provided throughout the translation process via available data analysis, modelling workflow options, simulation and interpretation of contextual results. The project will help to boost competitiveness in the manufacturing industry.
Funding programme: EU Horizon 2020
Project start date: 01/02/2021
Project end date: 31/01/2025
Total budget: 380 000 Euros
Partners: Alma Mater Studiorum - Università die Bologna (IT), Applied Materials Italia SRL (IT), Comutational Modelling Cambridge Limited (UK), Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche (IT), DCS Computing GmbH (AT), Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (CH), Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V. (DE), Goldbeck Consulting Limited (UK), Innovation in Research & Engineering Solutions (BE), Norsk Hydro ASA (NO), Siemens Industry Software NV (BE), SINTEF (NO), TOYOTA Motor Europe NV (BE)
Integrated Open Access Materials Modeling Innovation Platform for Europe
The Digital Single Market initiative (DSM) and the emerging activities within Industry 4.0 call for a deeper digitalisation of materials modelling and additional actions that allow materials modelling to be more usable and integrable with the overall digitalisation actions in Europe. The wider and enhanced use of modelling and digital twins is considered critical for more agile, efficient, and sustainable product development meeting ever more challenging and tailored requirements.
OpenModel will provide to European Industry a comprehensive, integrated open modelling framework for accelerated innovation processes and development of novel materials and products. Global competition requires European Industry to adopt advanced techniques to shorten development cycles for new products and materials. To address this, OpenModel will be built around Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) defined by industrial Success Stories. To maximize leverage, OpenModel builds on state-of-the-art European open simulation platform (OSP) technologies and is designed from the ground up to allow integration of any third-party solvers, data, models, pre- and post-processing tools into advanced workflows spanning all operations along the value chain.
OpenModel embraces existing and emerging standards for semantic interoperability based on the European Materials & Modelling Ontology (EMMO) enabling seamless integration with the Materials Modelling Market Places (MMMP) that provide the access to all necessary models, tools, expertise, and data that are necessary to populate the workflows with and to the HPC platforms to complete the offers to customers. OpenModel’s deep foundations in EMMO also supports the current developments towards a “common language” for materials modelling and characterization.
Funding programme: Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung/Foundation
Project start date: 01/07/2021
Project end date: 30/06/2023
Humboldt Research Fellowships: Design of metal organic framework (MOF) and hybrid metal organic framework - layered double hydroxide (MOF-LDH) coatings for Zn and Mg alloys corrosion protection
Zn and Mg alloy corrosion protection stands out as one of very important industrial tasks because of their applications in biomedical implants, automobiles and batteries, etc. For such purpose, “smart” nanocontainer-based anticorrosion coatings consisting of layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are commonly used due to their ability to store and release functional compounds (e.g., corrosion inhibitors) in a controllable manner. Additionally, in this context, metal organic frameworks (MOFs) emerge as potential nanocontainer coatings considering their unique properties, including high surface areas, large porosity, tuneable pore sizes and multiple functionalities. Strong affinity interactions have been recently identified between MOFs and LDHs. These interactions open new avenues for the preparation of protective coatings combining features of both LDHs and MOFs. This project aims to develop new protective coatings and methods for their preparation based on metal organic frameworks (MOF coatings) and on their synergistic combination with layered double hydroxides (hybrid MOF-LDH coatings). Ultimately, these hybrid versions of “smart” nanocontainers may enable us to broaden Zn and Mg alloys applications to a wider range of corrosive conditions while gaining further insight into mechanistic details of their enhanced properties and functions.
Funding programme: MarTERA Horizon 2020
Project start date: 01/07/2021
Project end date: 30/04/2024
Total budget: 1 045 000,00 €
Partners: Muehlhan AG (DE), Norsk Hydro ASA (NO), SINTEF (NO)
Safe use of aluminium in marine multi-material constructions (MARINAL)
The main objective of MARINAL is to strengthen and extend the use of aluminium (Al) alloys in marine applications offering a throughout “green” solution. The project thus contributes predominantly to the cross-cutting topic of "environmentally friendly maritime technologies". With its focus on aluminium, it leads to the use of new materials, coatings and construction methods, uses the recyclability of aluminium and can thus contribute to the conservation of resources. It looks at the overall energy and life cycle balances for different maritime systems. In addition, areas of other cross-cutting themes are addressed, such as "Maritime Safety" and "Smart Materials for Maritime Use". A central point in the project is the generation of reliable data regarding the safe use of Al in maritime construction, which will contribute to improve the technical safety and reliability of aluminium in maritime systems.
Hereon is responsible for the sub-project "Kokomo - Korrosion, Korrosionsschutz und Modellierung". The focus of the sub-project is on fundamental investigations of the corrosion properties of standard aluminium alloys, including recycled alloys, under marine conditions and the development of innovative environmentally friendly protection concepts. Furthermore, numerical simulation concepts for the optimisation of Al/steel bolted joints via a virtual analysis of design, layer and material selection will be used.
MARINAL is funded in the frame of MarTERA (Maritime and Marine Technologies for a new ERA), which is an ERA-NET Cofund scheme of Horizon 2020 of the European Commission together with 16 national funding authorities.